Oral & MaxilloFacial Surgery in Kolkata

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Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery in Kolkata

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the speciality of dentistry that focuses on the reconstructive surgery of the face, facial trauma surgery, the head, neck, oral cavity, mouth and jaws, as well as facial cosmetic surgery.

Many oral surgery procedures are common and treat conditions that many people experience, such as tooth loss, impacted wisdom teeth, or sleep apnea. Many of these procedures are completed in a few hours’ time and patients can resume work or normal activities within a few days.

Oral & MaxilloFacial Surgery in Kolkata

TOOTH EXTRACTIONS

EXTRACTION / IMPACTION

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the speciality of dentistry that focusses on the reconstructive surgery of the face, facial trauma surgery, the head, neck, oral cavity, mouth and jaws, as well as facial cosmetic surgery.

Many oral surgery procedures are common and treat conditions that many people experience, such as tooth loss, impacted wisdom teeth, or sleep apnea. Many of these procedures are completed in a few hours’ time and patients can resume work or normal activities within a few days.

When is extraction necessary?

This happens when tooth decay reaches the centre of the tooth which i.e., the pulp, causing an infection. A root canal procedure (RCT) can help remove the infection. However, if the infection is severe and the tooth cannot be saved, an extraction will prevent the infection from spreading any further.

Periodontal disease also known as periodontitis is a serious gum infection caused by accumulation of bacteria on the teeth and gums over a long period of time. Periodontal disease can be easily prevented by regularly brushing your teeth in the correct way and routine visits to the dentist. Periodontal disease loosens the teeth; therefore, it is best to extract those teeth.

An impacted tooth is a tooth that is blocked from coming out through the gum line and grow in its position on its own, common in the case of wisdom teeth. Extraction of the impacted tooth is recommended by your dentist to prevent any damage to other teeth.

This is recommended when the patient has to undergo an orthodontic treatment and the orthodontist wants to create room for the teeth to move and realign.

When a person experiences an accident, the first option is to save the teeth using veneers, crown and dentures. In situations where the teeth cannot be saved, extraction is the way out.

Oral & MaxilloFacial Surgery

STEPS OF EXTRACTION / IMPACTION

COMMON MYTHS RELATED TO EXTRACTION

While it is advised to extract your wisdom teeth since they do not serve any significant purpose, you might need to extract any tooth for several reasons. For example, your dentist may recommend you to extract a tooth that cannot be saved through an RCT procedure.

Many people confuse pressure with pain. What you might be feeling is the pressure induced by rocking the tooth back and forth to loosen the tooth from the socket.

An extracted tooth must be replaced to avoid further dental complications. Replacing your missing teeth ensures your other teeth remain in their assigned position, your oral cavity is healthy and your face shape does not change dramatically.

Extractions do not cause loss of eyesight or hearing. Extractions are mere removal of infected teeth and tissues. If your oral surgeon knows of any complications that might occur in your case, you will be informed accordingly.

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Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth often known as third molars grow in people between the ages of 17 and 21. Instances of eruption in late adulthood are even common. There are 4 sets of wisdom teeth.

What problems can wisdom teeth cause ?

Impacted wisdom teeth i.e. when the teeth do not erupt completely through the gum line can cause several problems such as:

  • Cleaning issues
  • Pain
  • Decay and cysts
  • Increased risks of infections

Wisdom teeth removal or extraction is advised since they do not serve any actual purpose in the mouth and it is better to avoid any future wisdom teeth infection.

Wisdom Teeth

When should you get your wisdom teeth extracted ?

  • When they cause you pain
  • When it leads to bad breath and taste 
  • When the swelling and tenderness causes infections.

The Procedure for Wisdom Teeth Removal

It is easy to extract wisdom tooth if it is fully erupted. However, if the tooth is impacted then it will require an incision in the gums. Usually, the tooth is extracted in parts to minimize the amount of bone required to be extracted for tooth removal.

Post Wisdom Teeth Removal Instructions

  • Avoid vigorous rinsing and touching the area
  • If you start feeling discomfort, take the prescribed medicines
  • A certain amount of bleeding is expected, however, if the bleeding exceeds then visit your dentist immediately
  • Swelling around mouth and cheeks is common for a couple of days
  • Follow a liquid diet for a few days. Avoid the use of straw

Frequently Asked Questions

It depends on how they have erupted and grown. In case of overcrowding and impaction, the wisdom teeth need to be removed. If they have grown without any hassle, then there is no need.

Yes, the dentist will put you on local anaesthesia before the wisdom tooth extraction.

Pain may last for at most a couple of days. You should take all the necessary precautions as suggested by the surgeon.

Oral Cancer

Mouth cancer or oral cancer can occur anywhere on the surface of the tongue, in the mouth, the lips, inside the cheek, gums, in the roof and floor of the mouth, the tonsils and the salivary glands.

Symptoms of Oral Cancer

Oral cancer symptoms include –

  • Persistent tongue and jaw pain.
  • A lump or thickening in the inside of the mouth with a hoarse voice.
  • Difficulty in swallowing or chewing.
  • Difficulty moving the jaw or tongue.
  • Recurring and non-healing ulcers.
  • A white or red patch on the gums, tongue and lining of the mouth.
  • Sore throat or a feeling that something is caught in the throat which does not go away.

The oral cancer symptoms can sometimes be mistaken for a cold that will not go away or a persistent sore in the mouth.

Common oral cancer causes

  • Alcohol and tobacco consumption
  • Infections, especial Human Papilomavirus (HPV)
  • Risk increases with age
  • Excessive exposure to sunlight

It is important to note that oral cancer can also affect non-smokers and drinkers.

It is important to detect oral cancer in the early stages, since it can spread fast. Many dentists conduct the oral cancer examination and check for oral cancer symptoms during your regular dental check-up. He will carefully examine the roof and floor of your mouth, the entire tongue, gums and cheeks. In case the doctor finds any suspicious tumours or growth they will conduct a brush or tissue biopsy. Detecting the symptoms fast will lead to quicker oral cancer treatment.

  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco consumption.
  • Eat healthy and well-balanced meals
  • Limit your exposure to the sun. Use UV-A/B-blocking sunscreen lotion on your skin, as well as your lips.
  • Conduct a self-exam at least once a month.
  • Visit your dentist regularly
oral cancer treatment

Tongue Tie

Tongue-tie, also known as ankyloglossia, is a congenital condition (the child is born with it) in which a child’s tongue remains attached to the bottom (floor) of his or her mouth.

It is a condition that restricts the motion of the tongue. This happens when the lingual frenulum, a thin strip of tissue that connect the tongue and the floor of the mouth is shorter than usual. In normal conditions, the lingual frenulum will be pushed to the middle of the bottom of the tongue.

Symptoms of Tongue Tie

  • Difficulty latching when breastfeeding
  • Breastfeeding for extended periods of time
  • Constant hunger
  • Trouble gaining weight
  • A clicking sound while the child is feeding
Tongue Tie​

How can you treat Tongue Tie

The condition often resolves itself. If not, it can be treated with surgery. A simple surgical procedure called a frenectomy can be done with or without anaesthesia by an oral & maxillofacial surgeon. Frenectomy can be achieved by routine scalpel technique, electro surgery or CO2 laser.

Frequently Asked Questions

Dentists all over the world recommend that if your new born/child is truly tongue tied then the benefits of this simple surgery is justified and will provide life changing results.

There is no way you can prevent your infant from developing a tongue tie. Proper and early diagnoses and treatment will lead to successful recovery.

It takes the surgeon approximately 10-15 minutes to perform this surgery on infants. Laser frenectomy takes much time than traditional surgery and also the recovery period is lesser.

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